NEB Economics – Syllabus / Course

Grade – XI   

Full Marks 100

Teaching hours 150

Part – A:Quantitative Techniques in Economics

Unit – 1:Statistics (30 TH)

1)Need for quantitative techniques in economics


3)Statistical tools used in economics

4)Collection and organization of data

5)Presentation of data

6)Condensation of data

7)Concept of simple price index numbers

Unit – 2:Mathematics (15 TH)

1)Law of indices, logarithms and its rules and uses

2)Solution of equations

3)Trigonometric ratios and values of standard angle

4)Equation of a straight line

5)Use of ratios in economic analysis

Part B:  Basic economic concepts

Unit – 3:Nature of Economics (10 TH)

1)Definition and scope

3)Concept of positive and normative economics

4)Micro and Macro economics

5)Importance of economic analysis in policy formulation.

Unit – 4:Basic Economic issues (7 TH)

Unit – 5:National Income accounting (10 TH)

Unit – 6:Meaning and Indicators of Economic development (10 TH)

Part C: Nepalese Economy

Unit – 7:Natural Resources of Nepal (10 TH)

1)Water Resources

2)Forest Resources

3)Mineral Resources

4)Environment and Natural Resource Management

Unit – 8:Human Resources (8 TH)

Unit – 9:Agriculture (4 TH)

Unit – 10:Poverty (5 TH)

Unit – 11:Industry (10 TH)

Unit – 12Transport and Communications (10 TH)

Unit – 13:Foreign Trade (4 TH)

Unit – 14:Banking (4 TH)

Unit – 15Government Finance (5 TH)

Unit – 16:Development Planning (10 TH)


Grade – XII   

Full Marks 100

Teaching hours 150

Part A – Micro Economics

Unit –1:Basic Concept of Market Economy (15 TH)

a) Law of demand

b) Derivation of Individual and market demand curve

c) Shift in demand curves

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d) Factors causing the shift

a) Law of supply

b) Derivation of the single producer’s supply curve and market supply curve

c) Shift in supply curve

d) Factors causing the shift

Unit – 2:Elasticity of Demand and its Measurement (8 TH)

-Concept of elasticity

-Different kinds of elasticity

-Measurement of price elasticity

Unit – 3:Theory of consumer’s Behaviour (12 TH)

-Concept of total, average and marginal utilities

-Law of diminishing marginal utility

-Law of substitution

-Consumer’s surplus

Unit – 4:Factors of Production (15 TH)





Unit – 5:Theory of Production (10 TH)

-Concept and derivation of Total, average and marginal products

-Law of variable proportions

-Concept of returns to scale

Unit – 6:Revenue and Cost Curves (15 TH)

-Concept of total, average and marginal revenue

-Derivation of average revenue and marginal revenue from total revenue  curve under perfect competition and monopoly.

–           Concept of short run and long run cost

-Fixed and variable cost

-Derivation of average and marginal cost curves

Unit – 7:Theory of Price and Output Determination (10 TH)

-Equilibrium of firm industry

-Price and output determination under perfect competitions

-Price and output determination under monopoly

Unit – 8:Theory of Factors of Pricing   (15 TH)





Part – B:  Money, Banking, Public Finance and International Trade

Unit – 9:Money (10 TH)

Unit – 10:Banking (10  TH)

Unit – 11:Public Finance ( 20 TH)

Unit – 12International Trade (10 TH)

Prescribed Text Book: XI & XII

1.Samuelson, Economics

2.Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Pocket Book

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3.Ministry of Finance, HMG, Economic Survey (current)

4.K.K. Dewelt, J.D. Verma – Elementary Economic Theory

5.Henderson and Poole – Principles of Microeconomics

6.Prof. G.D. Pant – Easy Statistics and Mathematics for Economics.


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